Lewis Hamilton has been no stranger to controversy in his first five years in Formula 1.
This has led to claims and counter-claims over whether the FIA stewards treat the McLaren driver too harshly.
With that in mind I’ve compiled data on Hamilton’s many visits to the stewards on a range of minor and major charges, whether he was the innocent or aggrieved party. Do they reveal anything about Hamilton’s form before the stewards?
|Hungary||Alonso blocks Hamilton in the pits during qualifying||Five-place grid penalty for Alonso, team lose constructors’ points for race||Hamilton, who inherited pole position, had ignored a team instruction to let Alonso start his lap first.|
|Japan||Kubica collides with Hamilton||Kubica given a drive-through penalty|
|Japan||Collision between Vettel and Webber behind Hamilton during safety car period||No action taken on Hamilton. Vettel initially given ten-place penalty, later reduced to a reprimand.||Only investigated after evidence emerged in video shot by fan|
|Brazil||Hamilton, Button and Sato use an extra set of wet tyres in practice||All teams have to return extra set and pay €15,000 fines||Occurred in practice for championship-deciding race|
Hamilton’s first season saw some contentious decisions which gave a foretaste of what was to come.
There were no consequences for Hamilton at the Nurburgring when marshals used a crane to place his car back on the track – Hamilton still inside – after he spun off in a rain storm. The rules were later changed to prevent the same thing from happening again.
Hamilton was judged blameless when Mark Webber and Sebastian Vettel collided behind him during a safety car period in Japan. But, after a second investigation when a new video of the incident emerged, the penalty Vettel initially received was reduced.
Hamilton lost the championship to Raikkonen in the race. Afterwards the cars of Williams and BMW faced a protest over using fuel of an incorrect temperature. Had they been thrown out and points redistributed, Hamilton might have won the championship, but no such action was taken.
Hamilton was not directly implicated in the ‘spygate’ affair which saw McLaren thrown out of the constructors’ championship and fined $100m.
|Malaysia||Hamilton and Kovalainen impede Heidfeld and Alonso in qualifying||Five-place grid drop for Hamilton and Kovalainen|
|Europe||Hamilton arrives late for FIA press conference||€5,000 fine|
|Canada||Hamilton crashes into Raikkonen in the pit lane||Ten-place grid drop for next race||Rosberg received same penalty for same infringement|
|France||Hamilton cuts a chicane while overtaking Vettel||Drive-through penalty for Hamilton|
|Belgium||Hamilton overtakes Raikkonen at the corner after he had gone off the track and allowed Raikkonen past||Post-race time penalty, which cost him his victory||McLaren’s appeal rejected as “inadmissible”|
|Japan||Raikkonen goes off the track as Hamilton runs wide in turn one||Drive-through penalty for Hamilton|
|Japan||Hamilton hit by Massa||Drive-through penalty for Massa|
Many of the penalties Hamilton received in his second season were straightforward and uncontroversial: impeding in Malaysia, taking out Raikkonen in Canada, cutting a corner in France.
However the stewards’ decision to strip him of his victory in Belgium was an absolute travesty.
Hamilton was forced off the track by Raikkonen while battling the Ferrari driver for the lead. Hamilton returned to the track, gave the lead back to Raikkonen, then overtook him at the next corner.
In judging this an illegal move and handing Hamilton a 25-second penalty, the stewards contradicted recent precedent. They handed the win not to the driver Hamilton had allegedly transgressed against, but his team mate, who was never in the hunt for victory.
Hamilton had another penalty for a strange incident with Raikkonen in Japan, where the McLaren driver braked too late for the first corner and ran wide, along with several other cars.
Advert | Become a RaceFans supporter and
|Australia||Hamilton and McLaren give “deliberately misleading” evidence over circumstance in which Trulli passed him during safety car period||Exclusion from the race results||McLaren later fired sporting director Dave Ryan over the incident|
|Malaysia||Hamilton exceeds the pit lane speed limit in practice||€1,200 fine|
|Belgium||Hamilton and Alguersuari collide on the first lap||No action taken||Both drivers retired|
|Hungary||Raikkonen makes contact with Hamilton and Vettel on the first lap||No action taken||Neither Hamilton nor Vettel were impeded by the contact|
|Italy||Hamilton exceeds the pit lane speed limit in practice||€2,400 fine|
|Italy||Buemi runs down an escape road to avoid Hamilton during Q1||No action taken||Buemi was eliminated in Q1 but Hamilton probably made no difference to this|
Few edicts from the stewards’ office had much consequence for Hamilton in 2009 – with one significant exception.
During a safety car period in the first race of the season Hamilton moved ahead of Jarno Trulli when the Toyota driver went off the track. Under instruction from his team, Hamilton then allowed Trulli to re-pass him, still behind the safety car.
But McLaren gave a different version of events to the stewards, who initially punished Trulli. When the truth emerged Trulli was reinstated and Hamilton disqualified.
|Malaysia||Hamilton changes line more than once defending from Petrov||Hamilton shown the black-and-white flag for unsportsmanlike driving||A seldom-seen form of reprimand|
|China||Hamilton and Vettel found to have “driven in a dangerous manner” when exiting the pits alongside each other||Hamilton and Vettel given reprimands|
|Canada||Team tell Hamilton to stop on track after setting his fastest time at the end of Q3||$10,000 fine and reprimand|
|Europe||Hamilton overtakes the safety car as it leaves the pits||Hamilton given a drive-through penalty|
|Singapore||Hamilton and Webber collide||No action taken||Hamilton retired due to damage|
|Abu Dhabi||Hamilton crosses the white line at the pit lane entry during practice||Hamilton given a reprimand|
Hamilton was perhaps fortunate to avoid a more severe penalty for overtaking the safety car in Valencia. He had been disqualified for doing the same thing in a GP2 race at Imola in 2006.
He collected a series of reprimands during the year for both driving and other infringements.
One of which was the team’s instruction for him to stop the car after qualifying in Canada as he was low on fuel. He kept his pole position, and it’s doubtful his low fuel level was what secured it for him.
Advert | Become a RaceFans supporter and
|Malaysia||Hamilton changes line more than once defending from Alonso||Hamilton given post-race time penalty||Similar to what he had been warned about the year before.|
|Malaysia||Alonso hits Hamilton while racing for position||Alonso given post-race time penalty|
|Spain||Hamilton sets personal best time in sector two during the race while yellow flags are displayed||Hamilton given reprimand|
|Monaco||Hamilton cuts chicane in qualifying||Hamilton loses best time from qualifying|
|Monaco||Hamilton and Massa collide||Hamilton given drive-through penalty|
|Monaco||Hamilton and Maldonado collide||Hamilton given post-race time penalty|
|Canada||Hamilton and Button collide||No action taken – stewards determine it a racing incident|
|Canada||Hamilton’s decision to stop his car on the track is investigated||No action taken – team mistakenly believed Hamilton had suspension damage|
|Hungary||Hamilton spins his car around in front of di Resta, who goes off the circuit avoiding him||Hamilton given drive-through penalty for forcing another car off the track|
|Belgium||Hamilton and Maldonado make contact twice, before and after the end of Q2||Maldonado diven five-place grid drop, Hamilton given reprimand|
|Singapore||Hamilton and Massa collide||Hamilton given drive-through penalty|
|Japan||Hamilton and Massa collide||No action taken|
|India||Hamilton and Perez ignore double waved yellow flags in practice||Hamilton and Perez given three-place grid drops|
|India||Hamilton and Massa collide||Massa given drive-though penalty|
The previous year, Hamilton had been warned by the stewards for changing his line more than once while defending his position at Sepang. Unsurprisingly, they escalated his penalty to a drive-through when he repeated the move on Alonso 12 months later.
Hamilton’s penalty for spinning his car in front of Paul di Resta during the Hungarian Grand Prix attracted much comment. Adrian Sutil received a reprimand and $20,000 fine for spinning into the side of Nick Heidfeld in Singapore two years earlier in similar circumstances – a penalty that looks too lenient on Sutil in retrospect.
His collision with Pastor Maldonado in the Monaco Grand Prix might have been avoided had Maldonado shown the kind of awareness Michael Schumacher had when Hamilton made an identical move on the Mercedes driver earlier in the race.
Had Maldonado survived the incident I suspect Hamilton would not have been penalised, as it often seems the stewards place too much weight on the consequences of an incident, rather than whether a drivers’ move was acceptable or not in the first place.
But on the whole Hamilton’s penalties this year have been entirely typical of what would be expected.
You can make a lot of criticisms about the FIA stewards: They are not always consistent. They too rarely give explanations for their more contentious decision.
They use penalties which can vary enormously in effect with the circumstances and produce outcomes that are excessively severe (Spa 2008) or unduly lenient (Valencia 2010).
This goes for all drivers including Lewis Hamilton. Consistent application of the rules is a bugbear for fans of many sports and F1 is no exception.
But the evidence above does not support claims that the stewards pursue a line for or against Hamilton.
And, though he may imply otherwise in the heat of the moment, nor do I think Hamilton believes he gets unfair treatment from them.
In 2007, Hamilton voiced his displeasure at the handling of the Fuji safety car incident, saying: “I just think it’s a real shame for the sport.
“Formula 1’s supposed to be about hard, fair competition. That’s what I’ve tried to do this year, just be fair. There’s been some real strange situations this year where I’m made to look the bad person and, by the looks of it, this weekend be given a penalty. If this is the way it’s going to keep going it’s not somewhere I really want to be.”
Four years and some 30-odd incidents later, if Hamilton seriously thought the stewards had it in for him surely he’d be long gone already.
Do you think the stewards have treated Hamilton fairly or unfairly? Which decisions do you agree or disagree with? Have your say in the comments.
If you believe I have overlooked any significant incidents involving Hamilton please supply details in the comments, including a reference to the relevant stewards’ report if possible.
Go ad-free for just £1 per month
Debates and polls
- Which F1 tracks would feature on your 2023 calendar?
- Which team has the best driver line-up on the 2023 F1 grid?
- Should the FIA only accept new teams with existing racing pedigree into Formula 1?
- What was the best motorsport game released in 2022?
- Vote for your 2022 Formula 1 Driver of the Year